You need to test, we're here to help.

You need to test, we're here to help.

11 January 2021

Four Measurement Best Practices

To start the New Year right, we’re going to talk about four measurement "best practices", which will help you get the most out of any oscilloscope you have. These are important when doing any type of measurement—and you can get a good start on them simply by asking yourself the four questions in the sidebar.

1. Anticipate the results

Those who are familiar with Dr. Eric Bogatin’s Rule #9 will know this one. Before you do any measurement, anticipate what you expect the result to be, because that is the most important way of identifying if there is a potential problem. 

2. Develop "situational awareness"

Situational awareness is being aware of what your measurement system is doing, as well as what in the laboratory environment can affect the measurement. The measurement system is the oscilloscope plus the probes and the interface to your device under test. You want to be aware of the conditions and limitations of that entire measurement setup. For instance, how is it connected? What kinds of artifacts and anomalies might result from your connection method, and which might you want to pay attention to as indicators of a problem? What artifacts and anomalies can you rule out because they are a result of noise in the environment or noise due to the test setup versus a problem with the DUT?

As much as we would like it to be otherwise, there is no such thing as a perfect measurement instrument. Everything has a limitation. You want to be aware of the features of your device under test (DUT) and how those features compare to the limitations of your measurement system. When the performance of the DUT gets close to that boundary, that is when you especially want to pay attention to potential artifacts. On any oscilloscope, you always want to be aware of three key specifications and how they will be affected by the bitrate/frequency and amplitude of the signal you are measuring:

  • Bandwidth
  • Horizontal resolution and sample rate
  • Vertical resolution 

You also want to be aware of how changing control settings like the trigger level, timebase or vertical scale will change the performance of the instrument.

3. Know why you're doing the measurement

The third essential measurement best practice is knowing why you are doing the measurement. What question are you trying to answer? What are you going to do with that measurement?  

The raw data resulting from the measurements may consist of millions of data points. What you have to do is take all that measured data and condense it into a few important numbers that characterize that measurement — known as “figures of merit”—because that is ultimately what you are going to use to answer some design question or decide on some action.

4. Perform as many consistency tests as you can

The goal here is to make sure your results are consistent with other measurements. Perform every measurement you can think of in order to test your understanding of the measurement. The more tests where the results are consistent with what you expected to see, the more confidence you will have in your understanding.

We’ll continue over the next few posts talking more about how you can develop Situational Awareness of your laboratory and your instrument.

Watch Dr. Eric Bogatin discuss these concepts in the on-demand webinar: SI/PI Measurements on a Budget.

1 comment:

JohnOng said...

This is a very useful & insightful advise. Applicable in relationships, in "battlefields", ... in decision/choice making situations.

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